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APA 7th Edition Citations Guide - Maple Woods

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Personal Communications

As readers are unable to access personal communications the author may include, personal communications are not listed on the reference list. Thus, they are only listed in in-text citations. Cite the name of the person communicated with, as well as an approximate date. 

Email communication: 

Parenthetical Citation: (A. Jones, personal communication, 2020)

Narrative Citation:  According to A. Jones (personal communication, 2020)

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Interview: 

Parenthetical Citation: (Windholz, personal communication, 2020)

Narrative Citation:  Windholz (personal communication, 2020)