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APA Citations Guide - Maple Woods

Need help with APA style? MCC librarians are here to help!

General Idea of Citations

APA citation style consists of two pieces: 

1. In-Text Citations  

2. Reference List


The basic idea is that the reference list at the end of your paper will list full citation information, while the in-text citations throughout your paper will lead the reader to the reference list. This guide will go over in more detail both of these pieces (see tabs on the left). 

Note: If required elements for either the reference list or in-text citations are missing, refer to Table 9.1 in the APA Style Guide for how to handle each situation.

In-Text Citations Overview

In-text citations show the reader the exact source of the information in the essay or speech you are writing.  The citations should match sources displayed in the reference list. 

There are two types of citations used in APA style, parenthetical and narrative. 

Parenthetical citations: 

Author last name and date are enclosed in parentheses after a summary of cited information. 

"..."(Author last name, date, p. number).

Narrative citations: 

Citation information is incorporated into the sentence of cited information. 

".... said Author (date, p. number). 

**For more information, click on the In-Text Citations tab. There are also parenthetical and narrative citation examples for each reference example within the other tabs. 

Reference List Overview

The  7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) has a general set of guidelines to follow as you document your sources within the reference list:

Start a new page at the end of your paper, and title it "References" (centered and in bold). 

On this page, arrange your citations in alphabetical order by author, double space your references and use a "hanging indent" (after the first line of a citation indent 0.5 inch for the following lines of that citation). Repeat this format for each citation.

APA Style recommends that citations include these specific pieces of information:

1. Author.

2. (Date).

3. Title of the work.

4. Source of the work.

A period (or other punctuation used) should follow each of the elements listed above. The exception is with DOIs and URLS (leave out period at end so as not to confuse it with the link). 

APA Style guidelines and reference elements template will provide extra guidance as you document your list of sources.


Putting it all together: Last Name, First Name Initial. (Date). Title in italics. Source of Work.


Friedman, L., Kohan, J. (Writers) & Trim, M. (Director). (2013, July 11). I wasn't ready (Season 1, Episode 1) [TV series episode]. 

      In Kohan, J. (Executive Producer), Orange is the new black. Tilted Productions; Lionsgate Television. 

**For more information click on the "References List" tab on the left. Also, below that are tabs that cover a variety of specific sources.

Maple Woods APA Style Guide

Plagiarism and Copyright

Why do we care about citing our sources? Basically, we don't want to take others' work as our own. Click the link below to learn more. 

Maple Woods Libguide on Copyright and Plagiarism