An annotated bibliography is a list of items (articles/books) that you intend to use as sources for your research assignment. Generally, you will use scholarly or peer-reviewed sources in an annotated bibliography. Though there are several types of annotated bibliographies, summary or evaluative bibliographies are the most common. Instructors assign annotated bibliographies because they encourage students to think critically and examine sources more carefully. All annotated bibliographies, regardless of their purpose, contain certain elements:
If you are creating an evaluative annotated bibliography, you will need to include two additional pieces of information about each source:
Corrigan, Maureen. So We Read On: How The Great Gatsby Came to Be and Why it Endures. Little, Brown, 2014.
Maureen Corrigan is a book critic for National Public Radio (NPR), a book reviewer for the Washington Post and a professor of literature at
Georgetown University. So We Read On investigates the power and influence of The Great Gatsby as one of the best American novels ever
written. Additionally, Corrigan maintains that Gatsby makes a distinct commentary on class in the United States. She mentions that Nick Carraway,
the narrator, comes from good breeding and is also able to observe and report on the actions/dreams of Gatsby and his hope to be accepted by
Daisy and her crowd. Corrigan cites several examples of imagery and language that point to Fitzgerald’s commentary on social class throughout
the novel. Corrigan provides insight into several ways that The Great Gatsby can be interpreted.
Donaldson, Scott. “The Trouble with Nick: Reading Gatsby Closely.” F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, edited by Harold Bloom, Infobase,
2010, pp. 157-165.
Scott Donaldson is Professor Emeritus at the College of Winston and Mary. He has written several books on F. Scott Fitzgerald and his
works. Additionally, Donaldson edited Critical Essays on F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. Donaldson notes that at numerous times
throughout the novel, Nick Carraway is a skeptical narrator. At times, Nick questions Gatsby’s search for the American Dream and the love of his
life. Some of the behavior Nick witnesses makes him dismayed with the wealthy class and their behavior. In the end, Nick sees Gatsby as a tragic
hero who has failed in his pursuit of happiness. Through Nick’s voice, the reader is given insight into Gatsby’s fatal flaws as well as positive
character traits. Donaldson’s depiction of the American Dream differs somewhat from the other sources.
Verderame, Carla L. “The American Dream in The Great Gatsby.” Encyclopedia of Themes in Literature, Facts on File, 2020. Bloom’s Literature,
Carla Verderame has a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan and has taught various courses of American Literature at West Chester
University for over 20 years. Professor Verderame uses her knowledge of American literature to expand on the theme of the American Dream as it
is illustrated in The Great Gatsby. Within the article she discusses the characters as representatives of the different classes of people found within
the US: those from old money, those from new money and those in the working class. Verderame notes how the various settings in the novel also
represent those same economic classes throughout the novel. She also illustrates that even though Gatsby has attained the American Dream
financially, he encounters limitations and tragedy as well. In other words, Professor Verderame reminds readers that success does not equate to
happiness and a fulfilling life. This source will be quite helpful in the discussion of The Great Gatsby’s depiction of the American Dream.
Note: According to the MLA rules, when you have an italicized title within the title of another text, you do not italicize the inner title. In the examples above, The Great Gatsby is not italicized in the Corrigan or Donaldson citations due to this rule.