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MLA 9th Edition Citations Guide - Maple Woods

Welcome! Nervous about MLA citations? This is the place for you! Information about in-text citations, bibliography format, and general rules of practice for citations in academia!

Two Authors

First Author's Last Name, First Name, and Second Author's First Name Last Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Year.

 

Works Cited example: 

Clarke, Tracylee, and Tarla Rai Peterson. Environmental Conflict Management. SAGE Publications, 2016.

 

In-text citation example: Author within the text, direct quote:

Clarke and Peterson argued that "environmental conflict will never cease to exist, but it can be productively managed . . . " (3).

 

In-text citation example: Authors not in the text, direct quote:

Upstream, downstream and midstream conflict explain some of the "numerous ways of categorized environmental conflict..." (Clarke and Peterson 3).

 

Three or More Authors

Works cited format:

First Author's Last Name, First Name, et. al. Title of Book. Publisher, Year.

 

Example of a work with two or more authors:

Hand, Cynthia, et. al. My Lady Jane. HarperCollins, 2016. 

 

In-text citation example: Authors within the text, direct quote:

According to Hand and others., "..." (54).

 

In-text citation example: Authors not in the text, direct quote:

"..." (Hand et al., 54).

 

*Note: If there are three or more authors, use "and others" in the text of the paper but continue to use "et al." in a parenthetical citation.